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A Guide to Exploring the Best Hue Royal Tombs, Vietnam

A Guide to Exploring the Best Hue Royal Tombs, Vietnam

Located approximately halfway between Hanoi and Hoi An in Vietnam and best known for its Imperial Walled City, no Hue trip would be complete without a visit to at least one of Hue’s Royal tombs.

I spent three nights in Hue as part of my two-week Vietnam trip, and I am so glad I did. Even though Hue was only Vietnam’s capital for a brief spell, from 1802 to 1945, it is full of history. I spent my days exploring Hue Imperial City and its Royal tombs and mausoleums and found them fascinating.

In this Hue guide, you will discover Hue’s famous royal tombs of Tu Duc, Khai Dinh and one very special pagoda Thien Mu, situated on the Perfume River.

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life-size stone madarin warrier figures at Khai Dinh royal tomb in Hue

How to get to the Royal Tombs

Hue Royal Tombs are primarily located in the west of the city near the Perfume River.

You can visit the Hue tombs by booking a private taxi for the day (your hotel can help you arrange it). The driver will take you from one tomb to the next and wait for you to explore in your own time.

If you are confident on two wheels, you could hire a motorbike and venture out independently.

A boat trip along the Perfume River can be combined with a visit to some of Hue’s top tombs.

If you prefer to take a guided tour of the main Hue tombs and learn about the history that surrounds them, you can book a Hue Royal tomb tour.

Hue Royal Tombs Map

Below is a map of all the mentioned royal tombs for handy reference.

A brief introduction to two of the best tombs in Hue

The Nguyen was the last dynasty in Vietnam and ruled for over 140 years. Hue was its capital.

Even though there were 13 emperors during the Nguyen dynasty, only seven tombs were built. These can all be visited in Hue and vary from simple to ornate structures.

The Royal tombs were all designed in line with Fung Shui principles.

Like the tombs of Egyptian pharaohs, Hue’s royal tombs were under construction as soon as a new Emperor was crowned. Some were still being constructed way past death if it had been a short reign.

While called Royal tombs, they are so much more than simple burial chambers. Indeed, the ‘tombs’ visitors head to see in Hue are far from dull and not underground as might be expected. Instead, they are housed in ornate mausoleums, and beautiful grounds fit for an Emperor’s final resting place.

Khai Dinh Tomb

The Royal tomb and mausoleum of Khai Dinh is in the Chau Chu Mountains. It is nestled between scenic pine forests and sugar cane farms. Thien Dinh temple is the main building of the Khai Dinh mauseleum.

In 1916 Emperor Khai Dinh ascended the throne at the age of 31. He built many royal palaces and tombs for himself and his family during his short nine-year reign. He started building his Royal tomb and mausoleum in 1920.

The architecture of Khai Dinh’s tomb is a mix of East and West. Materials from France, China and Japan were used in its construction. It took 11 years to complete and was finished by his son in 1931, six years after Khai Dinh’s death.

Visiting Khai Dinh Royal Tomb

We arrived at Khai Dinh on a swelteringly humid afternoon in April.

There are five terraces before you reach the tomb. Climbing the first 130 stone steps flanked by ornamental dragons, we were on the main terrace. After another set of steps, we were greeted by life-sized statues of warriors, horses and elephants.

After three more flights of stairs, we arrived at Khai Dinh’s mausoleum and tomb. The inside was extremely ornate and colourful compared to the white and grey exterior.

The tomb room is beautiful and decorated with porcelain mosaic, tiles and glass in purple, blue and gold.

At its centre is Khai Dinh’s tomb, with a statue of the King on top of it. The throne he sits upon is gold-plated copper, and an elaborate canopy hangs above the tomb.

The ceiling of the temple is filled with mystical dragon paintings.

Around him are some of his possessions and photographs showing how young this Emperor was. He passed away in 1925, aged 40.

Back outside, the view of the surrounding mountains from the mausoleum courtyard is breathtaking.

View from Khai Dinh royal tomb of the surrounding countryside in Hue

Tu Duc Tomb

Emperor Tu Duc ruled Vietnam for 36 years (1847-1883), the longest time of any other Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty. He had over 100 wives and concubines but no children after suffering a childhood illness which left him infertile.

Tu Duc instructed his architects to build his tomb 16 years before his death, but he may not even be here. Fear of robbers looting his grave led to his final resting place still being a mystery.

After Tu Duc died, his adopted son became the new Emperor of Vietnam. He only got to rule the country for seven months before being poisoned. With so little time on the throne, no tomb was built for him. Instead, he was buried near one of the Emperor’s favourite wives in a small corner of Tu Duc’s tomb.

The tranquil grounds of Tu Duc’s mausoleum and tomb are lovely to stroll around. The area is delightful and filled with trees, koi carp ponds, and pavilions in an area of scented pine trees.

Tu Duc used to write poetry and spent his time in the gardens composing prose, and once you have visited, you can understand why he loved this space.

Visiting Tu Duc Royal Tomb

Arriving at Tu Duc, we immediately felt it was a different design from that of Khai Dinh.

The grounds of Tu Duc were extensive, with many pagodas.

Beautiful lily-pad ponds, bridges and pagodas filled the area, and secluded shaded seating in the shadows of the huge pine trees was a peaceful reprise from the sun.

Man sitting on a bench in the grounds of the Tu Duc tomb Hue
pond in Tu Duc Hue
Stone bridge crossing a lake in Tu Duc

Like Khai Dinh, we found stone Mandarin warrior statues standing on guard in Tu Duc’s gardens.

Without a guide, we couldn’t quite locate where the Tu Duc’s tombs were, but we had a pretty good idea they were these ornate structures in the corner of the grounds, embedded with shells.

ornate wall

Thien Mu Pagoda

While not one of the Hue Royal tombs, the Thien Mu Pagoda (Heavenly Lady) is the city’s oldest religious structure and the official symbol of Hue. It is also a Unesco-protected site.

The first ancient pagoda was built in the 16th century. Its purpose was to worship the legend of a local woman with spiritual connections.

The current seven-storey tower (Phuoc Duyen) was built on the orders of King Thieu Tri between 1844 and 1846 and is considered a must-see on any Hue itinerary.

Visiting Thien Mu Pagoda

Steps led from the river directly to the pastel-coloured seven-storey octagonal tower, the tallest pagoda in Vietnam. Each pagoda floor worships Buddha statues, with a spiral staircase leading to the top. Sadly on our visit, the pagoda was closed to visitors.

Thien Mu Pagoda in Hue

On our visit to Thien Mu, we arrived just in time to see one of the Buddhist monks that live on the grounds of Thien Mu arrive by boat. The pagoda used to be a significant place of Buddhism during the Nguyen Dynasty, which is why monks are still there.

After admiring the pagoda, we wandered along the red brick pathway that leads through the manicured gardens. We could hear birdsong and the shrill of cicadas all around us.

We went inside the Dai Hung temple in the garden and saw offerings on the altar. Quite a few statues of deities and Emperors line the courtyards.

We passed a pastel-pink single-story house on the grounds surrounded by bougainvillaea of the same colour. Its roof was ornately tiled and featured ceramic dragons, a familiar sight in Hue.

Pink house surrounded by bougainvillaea in Hue

Strolling around the grounds, we sensed that the monks here liked gardening as we saw a few tending the bonsai trees in the courtyard.

At the end of the garden is a smaller version of Thien Mu, and behind it, you can see the Perfume River.

view of the Perfume River

Five more top Royal Tombs in Hue you must visit

  • Minh Mang
  • Dong Khanh
  • Thieu Tri
  • Gia Long
  • Duc Duc

I did not visit these tombs; however, if you have the time, adding one or two of them to your Hue Royal tombs itinerary is a good idea.

Last thoughts on visiting the tombs of Hue

While we hired a driver for the day and enjoyed wandering around each location and taking photographs, in hindsight, I would have loved to know more about each tomb and get some local information that can’t be grasped from guidebooks.

With this in mind, I recommend you book a guided tour of the Royal tombs of Hue, so you know what you are looking at.

Also remember to bring plenty of water, sunscreen, a hat and comfortable shoes. The day we visited the tombs, it was unbelievably hot.

Our elderly driver even gave us his fan and bought us water as he thought we looked hot and bothered. He was right; we were overheating in the April sunshine, and we welcomed his kind gesture.

This is an example of how kind and gentle the Vietnamese people can be and why Vietnam is one of my favourite countries.

steps leading from the Perfume River to Thien pagoda

Where to stay in Hue

Like most Vietnamese cities, there are plenty of places to stay in Hue to suit all budgets.

I stayed outside the city centre in the 5-star Pilgrimage Village Boutique Resort and Spa and can say it was fantastic. Comfortable accommodation, beautiful pool and delicious food all set in manicured gardens.

Hue Activities You May Like

Please Pin for Future Travel to Vietnam

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The Best Way to Travel from Hue to Hoi An on the Hai Van Pass

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Monday 6th of February 2023

Vietnam is still on my bucket list, so I read your article interestedly. I have visited neighbouring Thailand several times and have also been to Cambodia and Laos, so it's time to think about Vietnam. Hue's Royal Tombs are my must-see for their rich history. It's great that you give so many tips on planning a trip and visiting this place to get to know it as best as possible. I love the idea of also taking a boat trip along the Perfume River and seeing some of Hue's top tombs. All tombs are spectacular. However, I love the pastel colours of the Thien Mu Pagoda and would love to photograph it.


Tuesday 7th of February 2023

I am so pleased to hear that you found this post helpful in planning a future trip to Vietnam. I too have been to Thailand and Cambodia but am still to venture to Laos. I know you will love Vietnam like I do, it is one of my favourite countries.

Puloma Bhattacharya

Sunday 5th of February 2023

Vietnam is on my bucket list, and I would definitely love to visit the Hue royal tombs, which have unique architecture with stairs decorated with dragons and courtyards dotted with statues of warriors and animals. The mausoleum of Khai Dinh is awesome with its ornate porcelain tiles with a breathtaking view of the surrounding mountains from the courtyards. The tomb of Tu Doc is a little contrast to Khai Dinh's tomb with a tranquil atmosphere.


Sunday 5th of February 2023

Royal tomb seems very interesting place to visit in Hue. I am planning for Vietnam this April and will surely visit this place. I am going to start my journey from Halong bay and finish at Hochimin city . Hue is in my list and now have added uder Hue. Thanks for such detailed guide about Royal tombs.


Sunday 5th of February 2023

I am so glad you are adding Hue to your Vietnam itinerary; you will enjoy everything there. I also went to Bai Tu Long Bay which is further out from Halong Bay. You might like to read about it here:

Subhashish Roy

Sunday 5th of February 2023

This post has come just in time. I am in the process of planning a Vietnam trip of two weeks mid of April and had few thoughts in mind. In fact have written a post as well regarding the plan. But these royal tombs in Hue sadly was missing. would now love to visit Tu Duc & Khai Dinh. Also would love to have a look at Thien Mu pagoda on the Perfume River.


Sunday 5th of February 2023

It is a shame you have missed Hue, as it is a wonderful place. It is also the place to find the Imperial Citadel, which is incredible. I hope you have a wonderful time in Vietnam. I visited in April as well and you can read about my trip itinerary here:


Saturday 4th of February 2023

I have missed visiting the Royal Tombs when I was in Hue, a few years ago. I didn't allocate enough time to this city and had to rush my visit to it. The Royal tombs look incredible, there are so many beautiful decorations in stone, as well as such intricate statues. The location also looks very peaceful, with so many lush gardens and the lake. The pagoda is just breathtaking. If I'll go back to Vietnam I will make sure to add the Royal Tombs on my list of places to see, and hire a guide to explain what I am looking at.


Saturday 4th of February 2023

I hope you get there one day Joanna as Hue is a beautiful place to visit and steeped in history.


Saturday 4th of February 2023

If you ever get back to Hue I am sure you will enjoy visiting the Royal tombs